Photo of the Week


Left to right: Eiffel Tower, Louvre Pyramid, Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and Ferris Wheel. © Paris Update


Paris Update This Week’s Events

For full details about an event, click on the title to visit the official Web site (in English when available).

Drawing through the ages

"Apples" (1944), by Henri Matisse. Eric Coatalem Gallery.

> Salon du Dessin: 39 galleries showing works on paper, from Old Masters to contemporary. Palais Brogniart, Paris, March 22-27.

Contemporary drawing fair
> Drawing Now: 73 galleries, Carreau du Temple, Paris, March 23-26.

More contemporary drawings
>Ddessin: 20 galleries. Atelier Richelieu, Paris, March 24-26.

Art and design fair
> PAD (Paris Art + Design),
67 galleries, Tuileries Garden, Paris, March 22-26.

African culture festival
> The 100% Afriques festival showcases dance, theater, music, fashion, design, art, food and more from all over the continent. La Villette, Paris, March 23-May 28.

French film with English subtitles
> Lost in Frenchlation shows Audrey Dana's Si j'Étais un Homme, preceded by a themed cocktail party (€4.50). Studio 28, Paris, Feb. 24.

Documentary film festival
> Cinéma du Réel showcases documentaries from around the world. Various venues, Paris, March 24-April 2.

Suburban blues
> The Banlieues Bleues festival brings major French and international jazz acts to the Paris suburbs. Various venues, through March 31.

Before and after ecological disaster
> The Chic Planète festival presents two types of films, those celebrating the bounty of the earth and science-fiction views of what will happen after an ecopalypse. Forum des Images, Paris, through April 13.




Hot Topics - Exhibitions


Cap sur l'Amérique: La Dernière Utopie de Napoléon

The Emperor Packs Up
His Legend for the New World

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“Napoléon sur le Pont du Bellérophon,” engraving after Sir William Quiller Orchardson. © Rmn-Grand Palais (musée des Châteaux de Malmaison et de Bois-Préau)/Franck Raux

Napoleon Bonaparte is one of history’s endlessly fascinating characters. Never forgotten, especially in France, he is getting an extra dose of attention this year, the 200th anniversary of his second abdication as emperor of France and forced departure for exile on the faraway island of Saint Helena.

“Destination America: Napoleon’s Last Utopia,” an unusual exhibition being held at Malmaison, just outside Paris, touches on a little-known aspect of Napoleon’s career: his plan to emigrate to the United States after he had been defeated at Waterloo on June 18, 1815, and abdicated on June 21. On the 25th, he took refuge at Malmaison (with his entourage and a guard of 300 soldiers), a country house he had shared with his first wife, Josephine, the great love of his life, and where she had died in 1814, five years after their

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“Vue de la Cour d’Honneur du Château de Malmaison,” by Victor-Jean Nicolle. © Rmn-Grand Palais (musée des Châteaux de Malmaison et de Bois-Préau)/Gérard Blot

divorce. Napoleon spent five days there, and just before leaving on June 29, secluded himself for a time in the bedroom where Josephine had expired.

Obsessed with the idea of starting over in the New World, he spent most of his time at Malmaison preparing for his departure. Two


“Embarquement de Napoléon à Bord du Bellérophon,” by Henri-Félix-Emmanuel Philippoteaux © Rmn-Grand Palais (Musée des Châteaux de Malmaison et de Bois-Préau)/Gérard Blot

frigates were ordered to await him in the port of Rochefort, and he dispatched emissaries to his former imperial palaces (technically no longer his property) to gather certain objects he wanted to take with him: a mixture of personal souvenirs like portraits of Josephine and his son, the four-year-old King of Rome; practical items like clothing, camp beds, rifles, scientific instruments, and maps of and books about North America; and majestic pieces like sets of fine porcelain dinnerware and all the silver from the Tuileries and Elysées Palaces.

A number of these objects, many of which eventually accompanied him to Saint Helena, are on display in the exhibition, including Napoleon’s pajamas (with feet!), slippers and bathrobe. Other personal items include his straw gardening hat, a small glass box still containing a few pieces of his licorice, and a couple of nécessaires, handsome cases filled with toilet articles cunningly fitted together.

Scientific instruments were also included, since Napoleon planned to head up scientific explorations of the New World. He also packed up his legend in the form of paintings of his battlefield triumphs. A map discovered while the exhibition was being prepared shows that after the event, Napoleon was still refighting the battle of Waterloo on paper.

The exhibition documents “a non-event, a plan, an unrealized dream.” Instead of leaving incognito in the night – an idea that was proposed to him and which might well have worked – Napoleon insisted on leaving in the style befitting the emperor he still considered himself to be, ignoring the fact that the British blockade of the port made the departure of his frigates impossible.

One can’t help but wonder what might have happened had Napoleon actually made it to the United States. Would he have marked its history further (he had already helped the country expand by selling the Louisiana territory to the United States in 1803 after regaining control of it from Spain in 1800)? Some of his followers did manage to establish themselves in America, including his brother Joseph, who lived the life of a gentleman farmer near Philadelphia, and some of his generals and soldiers, who tried to set up colonies in Alabama and Texas.

The English had other plans for him: on July 15, they took him into custody and had him shipped off to Saint Helena, a remote speck of an island in the South Atlantic Ocean, where he died in 1821. The last word that passed his lips was “Josephine.”

This interesting exhibition provides a good


Château de Malmaison. © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée des Châteaux de Malmaison et de Bois-Préau)/Gérard Blot

excuse to visit Malmaison, a charming country house containing some of the original furniture and many souvenirs of Napoleon and Josephine. Its rose garden, lovingly tended by Josephine during her last years, is a must.

Heidi Ellison

Musée de Malmaison: Avenue du Château de Malmaison, 92500 Rueil-Malmaison. Bus 258 from La Défense. Tel.: 01 41 29 05 55. Open Monday and Wednesday-Friday 10am-12:30pm, and 1:30pm-545pm; Saturday-Sunday, 10am-12:30pm and 1:30pm-6:15pm. Park open 10am-6:30pm. Closed Tuesday. Admission: €6.50. Through July 20.

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